Prospectus for 144A and Reg S Bond Offerings
Prospectus.com assist companies worldwide with 144A and Regulation S (Reg S) offerings for both debt and equity.
What is a 144A Note or Bond?
Bonds or notes issued under Rule 144A indicates that the debt securities will only be offered to U.S. based investors. A 144A offering is considered by many to be one of the more efficient and quickest ways to raise capital outside of the initial public offering space. 144A’s are used to raise hundreds of millions and even billions of dollars in one offering. Large corporations like Microsoft and Apple, for instance, issue 144A debt, instead of issuing stock or selling additional equity. In fact, 99% of all 144A offerings are debt offerings, i.e. notes or bonds being sold.
Rule 144A is one of the most popular rules utilized worldwide to raise capital along with the Regulation S or Reg S rule. 144A is a rule adopted pursuant to the U.S. Securities Act of 1933 and provides a safe harbor from registration for certain private resales of the restricted securities an investor class called “QIBs”. Qualified institutional buyers, or QIBs, are either institutional investors or accredited investors with holdings of at least $100 million in assets. 144A has many features including the length one has to hold onto the purchased securities before reselling them, along with the number of units sold and the methodology employed in the sell.
Private Placement Market
There are a plethora of rules and regulations that govern Rule 144A in particular and the private placement market in general. Regulations and rules such as Regulation D, and Rule 504 (raise up to $1 million) and Rule 505 (raise up to $5 million) and Rule 506 (raise unlimited amount of capital) as well as Sections 4(a)(2), 3(b) and 3(a)(11) of the Securities Act and the relatively new Rule 506(b) and Rule 506 (c). Many rules overlap between regulations but Rule 144A, which permits the resale of restricted securities to qualified institutional buyers is generally used for “large” offerings.
Many of these rules, including 144A, offer various exemption from registrations and do so under the compliance of Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act. For the non-US area of investment that is related to 144A, Regulation S (or Reg S) is the offshore (or outside U.S. or the non-US.) investor element. As opposed to Regulation D offerings that issuers issue both debt and equity, Rule 144A issuers mainly offer debt securities. The private placement market has features and avenues to raise capital, and 144A and Reg D are the two most popular methods. While Reg D offerings are more common than 144A offerings mainly because less capital is raised than in a 144A), and in fact over a trillion dollars yearly is raised by Regulation D offerings. 144A is shortly behind this dollar amount.
To issue a 144A bond or 144A note a prospectus must be written. The prospectus will outline the terms of securities such as the interest payment, the maturity dates and how much the company is raising and other details of the offering. In additional to a prospectus, or instead of writing a prospectus, one will create and write a private placement memorandum. This is similar to the prospectus and in many circles the two are interchangeable.
SEC Regulation S, or Reg S as its also referred, is similar to the 144A offering only that in the Reg S offering one offers non-U.S. investors the ability to put in capital. If 144A covers the US or American citizenry (it restricts the investor to only US investors), the Reg S covers everything outside the US. It is common for companies all over to issue both 144A and Reg S securities, and for debt issuance organizations such as the Depository trust Corporation in the United States or Euroclear and Clearstream in Europe offer clearing and settlement services and are some of the most popular places to settle.
Prospectus.com is the global leading in 144A offering documents for both equity and debt securities for both public and private placements.
- Prospectus Writing
- IPO Stock Exchange Listing
- Bond Offerings
- Feasibility Study
- Hedge Funds and Mutual Funds
- Offering Memorandum
- Private Placement Memorandum
- Offering Circular
- Explanatory Memorandum
- Information Memorandum
- Fund Setup Formation
- Securities Identifiers
- Registration and Filing
- Legal Work
- Escrow Services
- Business Plans